HyperText Markup Language, or HTML, was written and developed in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee. Since then, there have been numerous variations on the language, but the idea remains, essentially, the same. It is a markup language that utilizes tags to describe document content with the document being a webpage. It is both a powerful and simplistic language that can define the look of a site. (more…)
Software patent litigation presents complex issues for attorneys and companies to resolve. One of the leading issues involved in software patent disputes is that of patent infringement. Those who invent software programs aim to protect their inventions through patents. Holding a patent on an invention means that no one else may copy or profit from that invention.
Issues can also arise when individuals secure a patent that is overly broad for their software inventions. An overly broad patent may be invalid, and a court may decide not to uphold it.
Types of Claims in Software Patent Lawsuits
Courts typically defer to leading case precedent to determine the outcome of software patent lawsuits. Individuals may file claims under leading case precedent for software patent cases, such as a Beauregard claim. A Beauregard claim stems from the case of In re Beauregard, 53 F.3d 1583 (Fed. Cir. 1995). A Beauregard claim is asserted to prove that a manufacturer or seller of computer media, such as DVDs or CDs, is a direct infringer of a patent. (more…)
Developed software is released for public use in several different ways. Depending on its intended use by commercial entities or individuals, the creator of a software program may choose to license it for resale, offer it to the masses for free, or advertise it as an add-on feature for existing applications. Commercial-off-the-shelf software – usually abbreviated as COTS – specifically refers to software programs that are ready for immediate use. These products are generally made available for commercial use through a licensing agreement.
Most of the COTS-based software systems are created to be compatible with the commonly used operating systems such as Windows, Linux, or Mac. These programs include filing systems, memory management, game engines, graphic designs, smartphone apps, and special drivers for monitors and printers. (more…)
There are countless systems that help you to soften hard water on the market but only salt-based softeners stand out – because the technique used is very effective (and unlike other methods that are only good with adverts) salt-based technologies will never fail to impress you.
This article will illustrate why you should not think twice on salt-based methods.
Obviously, the primary goal of a softener is to eliminate negative (hard) effects in water by counter attacking molecular groupings of calcium or magnesium. Even though the water is beneficial, it has its share of demerits that are not worth waiting for. Hard water has effects on hair, skin, pipes and clothing, which make it worth to spend on any softener techniques.
If you are interested in cutting down soap or detergent expenses by half, you need a salt-based water softener. Remember, the chemical components of soap are geared towards optimum results in hard water. That, however, is not necessary after you use a softener and you should also know that soft water results to great skin and hair.
Basically, calcium and magnesium ions cause hardness in water hence ion exchange is one great way of stopping that. This is not difficult because there are caution exchange devices that will make sure the ions do not get attracted together at all. Brine (with dissolved sodium ions) is used to stop the process of water hardening. Technology now allows for home appliances in your water system to calculate and release just the right amount to stop water from hardening. This is great news especially since there is no risk of excess chemicals in the water system.
Software that ensures the release of sodium ion utilizes technologies that also work by reversing the process, which makes the water hard in the first place. Values such as recharge time, amount of water into your water system, amount of magnesium and or calcium ions are calculated and used to make the counter attack decisions. This means at no time you will suffer the consequences of hard water in your home or workplace.
Salt-based water softening methods have great advantages such as elimination of water spotting and scaling within the pipes. In addition to this, unlike non-software enhancing salt softener techniques, the water remains safe for normal use by humans. Furthermore, the water also has no harm to vegetation hence it can be used for watering purposes in the garden and lawn.
The best water softeners are sometime hard to find so to maximize your chances read a few water softener reviews online (try this resource) or ask for advice from your local plumbing company. It’s important to know that water softeners are necessary not only for good health purposes but also in order to save you from unexpected bill of changing your pipes due to scale build-up and blockages.
Household mold is a nuisance that is both expensive and tricky to completely get rid of – you can’t leave it growing in the house either after discovery, since it can pose a serious hazard to the health of the home’s inhabitants. Recent years have seen a boom in the mold removal industry, with companies competing with each other in bringing the most cost effective, efficient removal technology to the clientele. Abrasive blasting is one such technique which is becoming increasingly popular, owing to its effectiveness and reliability.
Conventional processes for getting rid of mold are notorious for being time consuming and hard, requiring large amounts of manual sanding and scrubbing. A new technique known as abrasive blasting is gaining traction and might soon replace the older methods since it is faster, easier and much more effective in taking care of mold infestations. This process involves finishing/cleaning objects using a centrifugal wheel or a blast of air to pelt abrasive particles on their surface at a high velocity. Corncobs, sand and dry ice are all possible candidates to be used as these tiny particles. Mold remediation, in particular, employs baking soda, as well as dry ice, for abrasive blasting.
Advantages of abrasive blasting
Also known as ‘media’ blasting, this technique has some unique advantages over conventional mold removal methods. Besides doing away with most of the tiring manual work required in scrubbing / sanding, this newer technique shows its usefulness in dealing with mold growing on hard to access / irregular surfaces. For instance, surfaces which have bridging or cross bracing can be decontaminated with greater ease. Hard to reach places like crawlspaces and attics are also easier to clean using this method in contrast to conventional techniques. You also benefit from the lesser time required to do the remediation – meaning you can be back to the house much quicker than in the case of conventional remediation.
This type of abrasive blasting uses baking soda i.e. sodium bicarbonate, blasted using pressurized air, to target mold growth on surfaces. Arguably its most famous use was in the Statue of Liberty’s restoration which took places from 1982 to 1986, under the orders of President Reagan. The sodium bicarbonate crystals used as medium in the blasting process are made in modern facilities and have the shape of microscopic knives; they are soft, yet angular. The baking soda is soluble in water and results in a neutral pH i.e. (you don’t have to worry about acidity or alkalinity on the surfaces). It is great for removing mold without damaging the surface underneath e.g. PVC, ductwork, modern wiring, wood, and so on. When applied using the correct equipment and methodology, it results in swift, efficient mold removal with little waste, clean-up and damage.
When using soda blasting, it is important to use a nozzle of the correct size, for it will minimize the quantity of baking soda required. Lesser the amount of medium used, greater the visibility you will have during the process and lesser the amount of clean-up needed after the process.
It happens to the most dedicated person – you’re all set in your educational objectives and your career catches up with you. You are forced to make a compromise between work and study and, in most cases, it is study that takes the axe. Ever since the dawn of the internet however, things have been looking up for those who want to work and study at the same time. Yes, I’m talking about the newest medium of college schooling i.e. online schools. I’ll be discussing online gunsmithing schools for the sake of illustrating a few points and showing how an old school industry has met with new school, but the contents of the discussion can just as easily be applied to any other online school.
Check out this video on the advantages of online education.
To begin with, online gunsmithing schools offer the following advantages over their traditional physical counterparts:
However, it should be kept in mind that there are some websites that masquerade as online schools but in reality are not accredited by the proper authorities and are only out to make an easy buck by fooling people out of their hard earned cash. When looking for an online gunsmithing school, be sure to look up lists of the top accredited institutes in the region – several websites have updated lists which you can refer to for this purpose.
If you are to take full advantage of an online gunsmithing school you need to have:
Basic requirements for study such as focus and punctuality are even more important than in a traditional setting because online schools can make even the most dedicated student lazy and complacent. I would recommend that you use a free reminder software to create a schedule for yourself. For more tips on making the most out of online education visit Reuters.
Ask anyone who’s made any type of real money online how easy it is to earn a living from software, and you’ll hear all sorts of answers from all sorts of experiences. On one end of the spectrum, people will claim it’s as simple as coding a program and then uploading it to a few popular software libraries. On the other end, people say it’s next to impossible and that the market is already saturated.
One thing is clear no matter what end of the spectrum you’re on, and that is making money online as a software developer is definitely doable. Success depends on a number of things ranging from the software’s quality and timeliness to networking opportunities and sufficient funding. Here are a few recommendations that can help anyone at any stage of promotion.
Follow Traditional Methods
Just because a strategy is tried and true, it doesn’t mean it’s no longer applicable. So devote a week to uploading your software to each significant online software library. You’ll want to keep a database of the sites that accept your submission so that you can visit them later and record the number of downloads that your software receives. That’s important for establishing a download-to-sales conversion ratio.
You’ll also want to check out the promotional opportunities at these sites since many of them offer low-cost alternatives to AdWords and other similar advertising institutions.
Sell the Software with Different Capabilities
One question that developers always ask is, “How should I price my software?” They fear a low price will make their software look cheap and unworthy, while a high price won’t be affordable and cut out a significant portion of the market. That’s why some developers offer a single software product in differentiated versions.
A version containing the minimum amount of features, for example, is typically priced very low, while a version with the maximum amount of features is priced high. Between those two versions is a version containing an average number of features, and it’s priced somewhere between the low-feature version and the high-feature version.
Each version may even have its own label such as “Bronze” for the minimal version, “Gold” for the extensive version, and “Silver” for the version between those two. The idea here is to create a product that customers from every economic level can buy.
Sell Explicit Functions While Keeping the Main Program Free
You’ll see this strategy commonly applied to open source software, where the main software product is freely available and its add-ons are sold individually. Through this strategy, you can gain a huge audience with the freebie and then make an income with additional functions and/or features appended as external plug-ins or data-packs.
You can even charge for support. Support isn’t an add-on or plug-in, however, it is an external component of software that can generate income via documentation in either electronic or book format, phone consultation, and more.
Make it a Web-Enabled, Subscription-Based Product
If you’re familiar with SaaS, or Software as a Service, then you’re familiar with subscription-based software. Subscription-based software charges for access to certain features or data. Microsoft’s latest Office software, Office 360, is an example, although access is granted to the entire suite rather than specific parts of the suite.
One major factor underlying SaaS’s success is its platform. SaaS is web-based software, ultimately granting any device that accesses the web the same access to its core functions. This access is important because it widens the market while other types of software are exclusive to the platforms they were built for (Windows, Mac, iPad, etc.) According to a Gartner Group estimate, SaaS sales reached into the billions just four years ago, so this isn’t a strategy to dismiss.
If you’re struggling with selling software online, then maybe one of the strategies above will help. Making money online can be hard no matter what you’re selling, however, if you take the time to devise a plan as diligently as you wrote your software, you’re sure to enjoy financial successful sooner or later.
Photo Credit: Duckung